Long Bridge Road Adds to Nearly 6,425 Protected Acres
DATE: April 7, 2020
RICHMOND, VA – Capital Region Land Conservancy (“CRLC”) closed on its purchase of 38.5 acres on Long Bridge Road for $156,000 on March 20, 2020. Financing was provided by Colonial Farm Credit while CRLC completes fundraising and meets grant requirements from the National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program and other donors.
The Long Bridge Road property lies within CRLC’s Conservation Vision Map for the Capital Region as a priority area and is also designated as a top priority conservation area in the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation’s ConserveVirginia model in the Cultural and Historic Preservation Category. It is within the boundaries of five Civil War Battlefields as determined by the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (“CWSAC”) – Deep Bottom I Battlefield, Deep Bottom II Battlefield, Glendale Battlefield, Malvern Hill Battlefield, and Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road Battlefield.
The property is almost entirely wooded, containing 3,920 linear feet along Sweeney Creek as well as approximately 22.1 acres of Freshwater Forested/Shrub Wetlands, which closely resembles its wartime appearance. The main part of the fighting at First Deep Bottom occurred on July 28, 1864 when the Federal cavalry division of Gen. Alfred T.A. Torbert pushed eastward on Long Bridge Road, only to be attacked from the north by Confederate infantry. The primary combat occurred at CRLC’s newly acquired property and at an adjacent 125-acre property owned by the American Battlefield Trust (ABT) that is under a conservation easement held by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR).
Capital Region Land Conservancy's purchase of the Long Bridge Road property adds to a nearly contiguous area of approximately 6,425 acres that includes lands owned by the American Battlefield Trust, Richmond Battlefields Association, Henrico County’s Runnymede tract, private property under perpetual conservation easement, and the Richmond National Battlefield Park that connects to Malvern Hill Farm that CRLC acquired in 2018.
Henrico County Landowner Conserves anoter 72 Acres in Varina
DATE: December 23, 2019
RICHMOND, VA – Randall Welch of the Varina District of Henrico County has just completed his third conservation easement, increasing by 72 acres the land he has permanently protected from development in eastern Henrico County. As with his earlier conservation easements on a combined 352 acres on Deep Bottom Road, the Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC), along with the Henricopolis Soil and Water Conservation District, facilitated the review and recordation of this most recent easement on Saxby Road.
Agriculture, tourism, and forestry are the top three industries in Virginia. Currently the property is managed for timber production and provides for the conservation of 56 acres of important soils – 38.4 acres of US Department of Agriculture-designated prime farmland soils and 17.5 and soils of statewide importance. Though the conservation easement permits the future construction of a single-family dwelling on the property, much of the prime farmland is designated as a no build area. “Helping conserve large areas of the landscape in eastern Henrico (Varina), an historically agricultural community, is an important role that the District is delighted to play”, said Nicole Anderson Ellis, Vice-Chair of the Henricopolis Soil & Water Conservation District.
The Virginia Natural Heritage Data Explorer identifies approximately half of the property as an ecological core area of moderate value within a watershed integrity area of high to very high value, and as within an area of the highest vulnerability for suburban growth based on predicted growth patterns. “This property represents a sizeable tract of land in a County that has rapidly developed and continues to rapidly develop and the Easement helps to preserve the local rural landscape as well as water and ecological resources that will benefit all of us”, said Parker Agelasto, Executive Director of the Capital Region Land Conservancy.
A riparian protection zone (RPZ) consists of a 100-foot “off-limits” buffer along the edge of an unnamed intermittent/perennial stream that meanders through the property for almost 2,000 feet and ultimately flows to the James River. This zone protects the stream ecosystem from stormwater run-off pollution, sedimentation, stream bank erosion, and increased temperatures. Removal of trees unless permitted under specific circumstances are strictly prohibited in the RPZ as is construction of buildings and paved roads as well as the storage of machinery and equipment. Livestock will be excluded from the RPZ.
Also being preserved are portions of the property that have been included in the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report as study area for the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm / New Market Heights that occurred on September 29, 1864. Mr. Welch’s previous conservation easements at Deep Bottom Road also protect Civil War earthworks and riffle pits where the United States Colored Troops engaged combat during the First Battle of Deep Bottom on July 27- 29, 1864 and Second Battle of Deep Bottom on August 14-20, 1864.
“Protecting this property that is 750 feet from the banks of the James River with only three property owners between me and Rockett’s Landing and less than 6 miles to the Virginia State Capital in downtown Richmond is something I am very proud of”, said Randy Welch, easement donor.
National Accreditation Awarded to CRLC
DATE: August 6, 2019
Richmond, VA - Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC) demonstrates how a few dedicated people can have a significant lasting impact. Bill Greenleaf founded CRLC nearly 15 years ago and assembled a team of founding board members to help save the natural and historic land and water resources of the greater Richmond region. Now CRLC has the honor to announce it has achieved national recognition from the Land Trust Accreditation Commission, an independent program of the Land Trust Alliance(LTA), for its work – joining a network of over 400 accredited land trusts across the nation that have demonstrated their commitment to professional excellence and to maintaining the public’s trust in their work.
“Permanent land conservation is essential to our mission,” said Parker Agelasto, Capital Region Land Conservancy’s Executive Director. “Yet it requires a sustainable model, since the public has entrusted some of its most valued resources to our stewardship. The national accreditation process has made us a stronger organization for having gone through such a rigorous review. Our strength means that special places – such as the James River Park System and Malvern Hill Farm – will be protected forever, making the Richmond region an even greater place for us and our children.”
The Capital Region Land Conservancy worked for more than a year to review its every policy and procedure and verify that documentation for its conserved lands completely met the highest standards. This included the preparation of a Current Conditions Report for the James River Park System to identify the on-the-ground conditions that are subject to the protections and restrictions that were recorded in the conservation easement in 2009. CRLC also provided extensive documentation and was subject to a comprehensive third-party evaluation prior to achieving this mark of distinction. The Land Trust Accreditation Commission awarded accreditation, signifying its confidence that CRLC’s lands will be protected forever.
“Over my ten years at CRLC as the Land Conservation Manager I have witnessed and been a part of this organization finding its’ footing and respected place in the conservation community,” said Jane Myers. “What began as a conservation organization providing support to other groups in the region has now matured into a regional leader. CRLC would never have been capable of leading the acquisition of Malvern Hill Farm without the years of steady focus on prudent growth and improvement in every facet of what we do from policy to process, which culminated in our attaining accreditation.”
Capital Region Land Conservancy is the ninth local land trust in Virginia to become accredited and is the only accredited land trust in the Richmond region. In addition to the local land trusts, seven national land trusts operating in Virginia are accredited. So, in total, CRLC joins the 16 of 44 land conservation organizations in Virginia that are fully accredited.
Carol Wampler, Leah Henschen, and Mary Susan Davies served on CRLC’s accreditation committee since 2017 and set guidance for the application requirements, along with president Brian Watson, director Parker Agelasto, and staff members Jane Myers and Laura Greenleaf. Several hundred hours were invested in the accreditation process with grant funding provided by the Land Trust Alliance and the Universal Leaf Foundation.
“Accreditation has been part of CRLC’s Strategic Plan for the past six years. I couldn’t be prouder of the persistence and hard work that staff and volunteer Board members put into this effort that underscores our values and demonstrates to property owners, donors, members and partners our commitment to long-term sustainability and good governance,” said Brian Watson, President of Capital Region Land Conservancy.
Since its inception in 2005, the Capital Region Land Conservancy has played a critical role in the permanent protection of more than 11,000 acres, including 39 miles of river and stream frontage in the Richmond region. CRLC now holds five (5) and co-holds thirteen (13) conservation easements protecting 2,217 acres and owns 388.93 acres of fee-simple land.
“It is exciting to recognize Capital Region Land Conservancy with this national mark of distinction,” said Tammara Van Ryn, executive director of the Commission. “Donors and partners can trust the more than 400 accredited land trusts across the country are united behind strong standards and have demonstrated sound finances, ethical conduct, responsible governance, and lasting stewardship.”
The Capital Region Land Conservancy is one of 1,363 land trusts across the United States according to the Land Trust Alliance’s most recent National Land Trust Census. Accredited land trusts steward almost 20 million acres of land – the size of Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island combined. A complete list of accredited land trusts and more information about the process and benefits can be found at www.landtrustaccreditation.org.
James River Park System to Join
Old Growth Forest Network
DATE: May 28, 2019
Richmond, VA - On Wednesday, June 5 at 12:00 PM, the James River Park System (JRPS) will be formally inducted into the Old-Growth Forest Network. Joan Maloof, the Founder and Director of the Old-Growth Forest Network will officially dedicate the forest. The event will take place at Pony Pasture Rapids Park (7200 Riverside Drive, Richmond, VA 23225). Those wishing to join the celebration are encouraged to RSVP to CRLC at https://app.etapestry.com/onlineforms/CapitalRegionLandConservanc/JRPS10.html.
More than 50 years ago local citizens defeated a proposed highway along the south side of the James River while others such as Joe Schaefer and Jack Keith mounted an effort to acquire parcels of undeveloped riverfront land. In 1966, Mr. Keith sought to induce City Council and encourage others to “act out of a sense of public spirit and civic pride to transform this dream into reality.” He and Mr. Schaefer donated the first 380 acres to the City of Richmond that created the foundation for the James River Park System in 1972.
On May 29, 2009, Governor Tim Kaine participated in the ceremonial signing of the deed of easement which provides the protection from timbering needed for this park to be included in the Old-Growth Forest Network. This event marks the 10th anniversary of that signing. The easement is cooperatively held by the Virginia Department of Conservation & Recreation, Enrichmond Foundation and the Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC).
“As the primary easement holder and legal steward of the park, CRLC is committed to conserve and protect the natural and historic land and water resources of Virginia’s capital region. Out commitment is reinvigorated during this anniversary year” said CRLC’s Executive Director, Parker Agelasto. Agelasto notated that nearly a decade ago Governor Kaine awarded CRLC a Silver Medal Environmental Excellence Award for its protection of the James River Park System with a perpetual conservation easement on 280 acres.
The easement enshrined permanent protections that prevent development of the land by the city or any future owner and ensure the safeguarding of its natural resources as an unique wilderness area. CRLC takes the lead on stewardship of the easement, conducting annual monitoring with the support of the Friends of the James River Park (FOJRP). As FOJRP conducts a community master plan for the future of the park, it is appropriate to take time to remember the ten-year anniversary of the conservation easement and reflect on the protections it affords.
The James River Park System now totals 562 acres and contains 280 acres of units under conservation easement that protect its natural resources in perpetuity. The units are: Belle Isle, Reedy Creek, Pony Pasture, Wetlands, Great Shiplock. Huguenot Flatwater, Manchester Climbing Wall, North Bank, and Pumphouse. The age of the oldest trees is not certain, but 100 rings have been counted on a downed loblolly pine and a downed chestnut oak. Several natural forest communities exist in the park, including Mesic Mixed Hardwood, Acidic Oak Hickory, and Coastal Plain/Piedmont Floodplain Swamp. Tree species include: red and silver maple, white oak, bitternut hickory, hackberry, tulip tree, eastern cottonwood, American sycamore, river birch, black walnut, box elder, sweetbay, beech, and pawpaw.
These forests lie along the “founding river” of the United States. Here were Native American fishing villages, the earliest European colonial exploration, a Confederate prisoner of war camp, and early 19th century industrial development. They now provide respite, retreat, and recreation for urban and suburban residents of a city of 250,000 and a region of nearly 1.5 million. In 2018, JRPS welcomed nearly 2 million annual visitors and was the region’s highest attended attraction. The park’s forests are a crucial contributor to the city’s “green infrastructure” and essential to the quality of life and public health for the city of Richmond.
The mission of the Old-Growth Forest Network (OGFN) is to connect people with nature by creating a national network of protected, mature, publicly accessible forests. OGFN has over 90 forests in 22 states currently in the Network. The James River Park System was chosen as Richmond City’s representative in the Network and will be the 7th Virginia forest to join the Old-Growth Forest Network. The full list of forests may be viewed at www.oldgrowthforest.net.
“In addition to creating a network of forests we are also creating a network of people who care about forests,” says Maloof. The effort to identify and formally qualify a forest for inclusion in the Old-Growth Forest Network is largely dependent on volunteers. Laura Greenleaf and Parker Agelasto of the Capital Region Land Conservancy, have been valuable volunteer supporters of the Old-Growth Forest Network and very instrumental in helping JRPS to be included in the Network.
Whether its CRLC, FOJRP, JRPS Invasive Plant Task Force, Richmond Tree Stewards, James River Association, James River Advisory Council, James River Outdoor Coalition, RVA MORE or any of the many volunteer groups that give generously to make the James River Park System the crown jewel of the Richmond region, there is no denying that the “public spirit and civic pride” that Jack Keith sought in 1966 is very much alive in 2019.
Malvern Hill earns Governor's Gold Medal for Land Conservation
March 29, 2019
Richmond, VA – Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC) has earned a Gold Medal Governor’s Environmental Excellence Award for its work to purchase and protect Malvern Hill Farm in Henrico County.
The Governor’s Environmental Excellence Awards recognize successful and innovative efforts that improve Virginia’s environment. The annual awards program is run as a partnership between the Department of Environmental Quality and the Department of Conservation and Recreation. The 2019 Governor's Environmental Excellence Awards were announced on March 28, 2019 at the 30th Environment Virginia Symposium at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington. The awards recognized the significant contributions of environmental and conservation leaders in four categories: sustainability, environmental project, land conservation, and implementation of the Virginia Outdoors Plan. They are given to businesses and industrial facilities, not-for-profit organizations, and government agencies.
In August 2016, the 871-acre Malvern Hill Farm, which is listed on the Virginia Landmarks Registry and the National Register of Historic Places, was listed for sale for a 515 home residential development project. While many conservation groups had an interest in Malvern Hill, the Capital Region Land Conservancy stepped into a leadership role and ratified a purchase agreement for $6.6 million. As the local land trust for the Richmond region, CRLC coordinated with many partners to finalize a complex arrangement to finance acquisition of the property, secure protections through conservation easements and transfer portions of the land to long-term holders who will manage and make it available for future public access. Preserving Malvern Hill Farm allows the land to continue to be actively farmed and provides the opportunity for cultural tourism and outdoor recreation.
In recognizing Article XI of the Constitution of Virginia states that “it shall be the Commonwealth’s policy to protect its atmosphere, lands, and waters from pollution, impairment, or destruction, for the benefit, enjoyment, and general welfare of the people of the Commonwealth,” Governor Ralph Northam bestowed CRLC with a Gold Medal for “its demonstrated commitment to land stewardship in Virginia through its work to preserve Malvern Hill Farm.”
United States Senator Mark Warner further commended CRLC on the occasion of the Governor’s Environmental Excellence Award. “This award is a testament to the Capital Region Land Conservancy’s work in this area; … (having) exemplified your dedication to protecting and connecting residents and visitors with the Commonwealth’s natural resources through the Malvern Hill Farm project.”
Governor Tim Kaine previously awarded Capital Region Land Conservancy in 2010 a Silver Medal Governor’s Environmental Excellence Award for its protection of the James River Park System with a perpetual conservation easement on 280 acres. “We are honored to be recognized by Governor Northam and the selection committee for our ongoing work to conserve and protect the natural and historic land and water resources of Virginia’s capital region” said CRLC’s Executive Director, Parker Agelasto, nearly a decade after the organizations first Governor’s award.
An Unusual Holiday Gift:
Local land trust takes ownership of Appomattox River islands for conservation
January 22, 2019
Richmond, VA – Even for a land trust, it isn’t every day someone offers you a gift of an island, let alone three. In early November, the Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC) received just such an overture from Joan Cowan proposing a donation of Grape Island, Hyde Island, and Watson Glenn Island in the Appomattox River in southern Chesterfield County.
CRLC’s staff and Board of Directors acted swiftly in the waning days of 2018 to take ownership of this property in the portion of the Appomattox River designated as a state scenic river since 1977. By the time the new year had begun, significant due diligence and the transfer of the islands to CRLC’s ownership were complete. In working with both Chesterfield County and another local nonprofit, Friends of the Lower Appomattox (FOLAR), CRLC was able to plan for the islands’ future. The change in ownership and the eventual public accessibility of the islands align with the Appomattox River Trail master plan FOLAR drafted in 2017.
“We were pleased to facilitate the connection between Mrs. Cowan, CRLC, and Chesterfield County as part of our mission to conserve and protect the Appomattox River for all to enjoy,” said Wendy Austin, FOLAR Executive Director. “We look forward to future opportunities to work together with CRLC to benefit the health of the river and our communities.”
The cluster of small, forested isles lies down river from Brasfield Dam and the Lake Chesdin Reservoir and total about nine and a half acres. The islands are visible from the southeastern side of the river from the wheelchair accessible Lower Appomattox River Trail System that runs from Ferndale Appomattox Riverside Park in Dinwiddie County to the west for a mile and a half along a historic canal tow path. On the northeastern side of the river, the islands are in close proximity to the 87-acre John J. Radcliffe Conservation Area and its canoe/kayak launch about a mile upriver in Chesterfield County. The protection of these islands therefore has great scenic value for visitors on the water as well as those who may never step foot on or paddle by the islands.
The magic attendant to islands, associated in the imagination and the arts with a sense of retreat and exploration, inspired the gift from their former owner and donor Mrs. Cowan who noted the many adventures they afforded family and friends while also allowing her “... to escape from all of the world for a week of peace and quiet while on my own little oasis ... painting the peaceful settings of nature.” It is Mrs. Cowan’s wish that the islands be available to the public for their own respite and enjoyment without damage to their natural resources and no hunting of the resident wildlife.
Though the islands will not be open to the public during the time they are in CRLC’s ownership, CRLC is working to transfer them to Chesterfield County’s Department of Parks and Recreation so future recreationists will be free to make any of the islands a stop on their excursions through a section of the river notable for its sense of wildness and remoteness. Chesterfield County Board of Supervisors’ member Steve Elswick said, “Every community has places of importance to them that deserve protection. It’s this part of our region that is particularly special to me and those in the Matoaca district that celebrate our river. We thank CRLC for working to preserve these islands and the many opportunities they afford us now and in the future."
CRLC’s commitment to conservation of natural, scenic, and historic resources allows it to act on opportunities to hold perpetual conservation easements on private and public lands as well as accept ownership of property such as the gift of the Grape, Hyde, and Watson Glenn islands. “This is a niche CRLC was able to fill. We gave this project the same scrutiny we give to our conservation easements, but were still able to act decisively in a short period of time to make Mrs. Cowan’s dream a reality. This isn’t just a gift to CRLC, it’s a gift to the community and the future, of the Appomattox River,” said CRLC’s Executive Director, Parker Agelasto.
18th century Hanover County Farm Protected Forever with Conservation Easement: Past and Present Merge Where Llamas Now Roam
December 19, 2018
RICHMOND, VA – Hanover County was in its infancy and still a wilderness when British sea captain John Hope built his home, “Westerham House”, near the village of Montpelier. It would appear little changed to Captain Hope nearly 300 years later, except perhaps for the animals grazing its pastures. While Westerham’s original owners brought one of the first flocks of sheep to the New World from England, the present 96-acre property is now home to a herd of llamas,a species not brought to North America from their native Peruvian Andes until the early 1800s.
The livestock may have changed, but the farmland and forests of Westerham on Taylors Creek Road will endure thanks to the foresight of its current owner, Rachel Levin, a secondgeneration easement donor. On December 18, 2018, Ms. Levin finalized her donation of a charitable conservation easement on Westerham to the Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC), Richmond’s only local land trust. The conservation easement permanently protects the property from any residential or commercial development.
Under Virginia’s Conservation Easement Act, a conservation easement is a voluntary act of the property owner and must be compatible with the locality’s comprehensive plan. Hanover County’s comprehensive plan adopted earlier this year explicitly encourages “the preservation of prime and important agricultural and forest lands whenever possible through . . . dedication of Conservation Easements . . .” The plan also recognizes the importance of rural areas as “an integral and vital component to Hanover’s culture and economy” and environmental benefits including stream and wetland buffers and wildlife habitats.
Ms. Levin noted in an early correspondence with CRLC that, “when I found out about Westerham, I thought this would be the ideal property to save open space.” The focal point of the property is the 18th century federal style residence which, though somewhat altered from its original construction, continues to be an exquisite example of Flemish Bond brickwork and is eligible for listing on the Virginia Landmarks Register and National Register of Historic Places. Westerham also features Virginia’s largest private collection of English and American boxwood, planted in the early 1950s, as recognized by the American Boxwood Society.
The Westerham property includes over forty acres of Prime Farmland as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service while slightly
more of the agricultural land is also classified as Soils of Statewide Importance by the
Commonwealth of Virginia. Approximately half the property is forested, including buffers along 1,000 feet of an intermittent stream which drains to the South Anna River within the York River watershed.
The terms of the conservation easement prevent cutting of those riparian buffers, require Best Management Practices for any future forestry, allow for ongoing agricultural uses, and prohibit subdivision. Restrictions ensure protection of the historic manor house and the bucolic views of Westerham from Taylors Creek Road. “Westerham is a unique place in so many ways yet it also embodies the history and character of western Hanover County,” noted CRLC Executive Director Parker Agelasto. “At CRLC we feel privileged to have the opportunity to protect this historic landscape and assist its stewardship in perpetuity.”
The farm is presently rented and professionally managed and will continue to be in the near term, but Ms. Levin’s ultimate plans include making it her home. Her altruistic goals for Westerham go beyond protecting its history and environment. Ms. Levin is familiar with benefits of llamas that may not be readily apparent to the passersby admiring the Westerham herd from Taylors Creek Road. Caring for and spending time with people-friendly llamas can bestow therapeutic well-being for both children and adults coping with physical, cognitive, and emotional challenges. Ms. Levin is exploring possibilities that may include a teaching collaboration with Virginia Tech, service through the Make a Wish Foundation, or programs for local school children. Any walking trail network on the property would be developed in accordance with silvopasture principles, a mutually beneficial practice combining forestry and grazing for domestic animals.
“Ms. Levin’s approach to Westerham’s future exemplifies the spirit of stewardship, truly regarding it as part and parcel of the larger community,” said Brian Watson, president of CRLC’s Board of Directors. “Finalizing an easement on Westerham is a great way to end 2018 and celebrate this special time of year.”
Henrico County Landowner Records Second Conservation Easement - Over 350 Acres in Deep Bottom Now Protected
October 30, 2018
RICHMOND, VA – Randall Welch of the Varina District of Henrico County has just completed his second conservation easement, increasing by 271 acres the land he has permanently protected from development in eastern Henrico County. As with his earlier conservation easement on 81 acres, the Capital Region Land Conservancy (CRLC), along with the Henricopolis Soil and Water Conservation District, facilitated the review and recordation of this most recent easement on four additional parcels on Deep Bottom Road. The historically significant property’s boundaries include two miles of creek and river frontage. This initiative represents Phase II of a conservation easement project that now protects 352 acres including approximately three miles of combined frontage on Four Mile Creek, Roundabout Creek, and the James River.
The easement is unusual not just because it marks the first time CRLC has worked with the same landowner on a second easement, but because Mr. Welch includes provisions for regular public access in his easements. Another unique feature of the Deep Bottom project is that Colonial Farm Credit is also a signatory to the easements because it has a mortgage on the properties, which requires that their loan be subject to the terms of the conservation easement. “We have been pleased with the willingness the bank has shown to work with landowners interested in protecting their property in perpetuity”, said Parker Agelasto, Executive Director for CRLC.
The combined acreage is adjacent to Deep Bottom Park where two boat launches provide public access for canoes and kayaks at Four Mile Creek and motorized boats at the James River. The Virginia Capital Trail along Route 5 in eastern Henrico County is within one-mile of these properties. Protection of this land will enhance recreationists’ experience as they travel between the Capital Trail and Deep Bottom Park. The public access trail that winds throughout the eased property possibly may become an off-road link between the two in the future. The land’s permanent protection from residential and commercial development provides a buffer for recreational uses, adjacent natural resources, and scenic views from the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail within the James River.
The property is managed for timber, but all portions adjacent to the creeks and river have off-limits “riparian buffers” encompassing a large area of high-quality bottomland hardwood forest and non-tidal marshes and wetlands which protect stream ecosystems from stormwater run-off pollution, sedimentation, stream bank erosion, and increased temperatures.
“The District is thrilled to play a role in conserving these 271 acres. As perpetual green space, this land will protect soil fertility, slow and filter storm water runoff, and provide scenic beauty and habitat for future generations of Henrico residents”, said Nicole Anderson Ellis, Vice-Chair of the Henricopolis Soil & Water Conservation District.
Portions of the protected property are said to have been part of “Claymount” owned by Stephen B. Sweeney (1799-1863) and included in his earthenware pottery operation with several kilns and a hotel along today’s Route 5, a Virginia scenic-byway. Other portions of the property were owned in the 1850s by Titus C. Rice and operated as Deep Bottom Landing with a ferry crossing the James River to Chesterfield County.
The property displays evidence of three Civil War battles - First Deep Bottom (Jul 27-29, 1864), Second Deep Bottom (Aug 13-20, 1864), and Chaffin’s Farm (Sep 29-30, 1864) when Union troops advanced on Richmond using pontoon bridges connecting to Jones Neck. The 4th United States Colored Infantry Regiment along with the Union X Corps advanced across the property to victory at New Market Heights.
Terms of the conservation easement protect historic resources by strictly prohibiting relic hunting and ground disturbance around identified rifle pits, the remains of the ferry-keeper’s house, and earthworks and a strict prohibition on relic hunting. Mr. Welch’s first easement provides identical protections.
Planned trails connecting the property’s historic features and scenic views will accommodate visitor access. Future educational and environmental interpretation will allow visitors of all ages to enjoy an enriching outdoor experience.
Under Virginia’s Conservation Easement Act, a conservation easement is a voluntary act of the property owner and must be compatible with the locality’s comprehensive plan. Henrico County’s 2026 Future Land Use Map designates the property as a “Prime Agriculture and Environmental Protection Area”. CRLC’s and HSWCD’s conservation easement on this property protects these agricultural soils and stream and river buffers while supporting the Henrico County Comprehensive Plan’s Community Character and Natural, Cultural and Historic Resource objectives to “protect areas with intrinsic natural, historic, and cultural resources.”
Brian Watson, President of the Capital Region Land Conservancy, said, “Mr. Welch is our first repeat easement donor and this project will hopefully inspire others to amplify their land conservation legacy by expanding property under conservation easement.”
“My experience working with CRLC and the soil and water conservation district has been nothing but positive. I knew when I did the first easement that I’d be doing another,” said landowner and easement donor Randall Welch. “Completing this next phase has been even more satisfying because it ensures that over 350 acres will continue to contribute to the rural character of eastern Henrico County.”
TUESDAY, MAY 15TH, 2018
The official signing of the Department of Historic Resources conservation easement on 486 acres of Malvern Hill Farm was covered by ABC 8 News.
CRLC Closes on Acquisition of Malvern Hill Farm
February 1, 2018 (RICHMOND, VA)
It was a proposal that raised both hopes and doubts: could a local nonprofit land trust raise nearly $7 million dollars to purchase a vulnerable 871-acre farm, site of a historic 1862 Civil War battle, on the outskirts of the fast-growing Richmond region? On February 1, a year and a half after the Capital Region Land Conservancy’s (CRLC) Board of Directors greenlighted the ambitious plan, CRLC purchased Malvern Hill Farm in eastern Henrico County’s Varina District along the historic Route 5 corridor.
Said CRLC President Brian Watson: “The success of the strategy to purchase and protect Malvern Hill Farm is a credit to our staff, Board, partners, and supporters. Collectively, they have transformed CRLC so that we are a stronger land trust capable of facilitating significant conservation projects in our area.”
With a rich history dating to the late 17th century, Malvern Hill Farm is the only documented place in the United States that has seen U.S. troop activity during the three major military conflicts that occurred on American soil. The location was the base for the Marquis de Lafayette during the summer of 1781 and an encampment for the Virginia militia during the war of 1812. The architecturally significant ruins of the first Anglo-American residence built around 1690 are well preserved. But it is the deadly clash of Union and Confederate forces on July 1, 1862 when the entire property lay behind the Union army’s front infantry line that is forever tied to the farm’s name.
CRLC completed the acquisition of the much sought-after property following extensive fundraising, complex negotiations, and partnership building at the local, state, and federal levels. The purchase was made possible thanks to funding from the Cabell Foundation, the Mary Morton Parsons Foundation, the Richard S. Reynolds Foundation, the American Battlefield Protection Program, the Virginia Battlefield Preservation Fund, the Virginia Land Conservation Foundation, Henrico County, the James River Association, and many private donors. The Conservation Fund, a national nonprofit based in Arlington, Virginia, provided a $2 million loan to bridge the remaining funds needed for the purchase.
Listed since 1969 on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places, Malvern Hill Farm has been a priority for many preservation organizations over the years. CRLC’s partners in this preservation effort include the National Park Service (NPS), the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), the Virginia Department of Historic Resources (DHR), the Civil War Trust (CWT), Henrico County, and the James River Association (JRA).
DCR Director Clyde Cristman added, “Federal and state agencies, local government, and the non-profit community have partnered to complete one of the most important land conservation initiatives in recent years. In this singular project, we celebrate the preservation of working farms, historic sites, the Chesapeake Bay watershed, and public access to the outdoors.”
The Battle of Malvern Hill ended with over 7,750 casualties, bringing the Seven Days Battle and the Peninsula Campaign to a close while signaling that the horrific war would not come to a swift end. Within weeks, President Abraham Lincoln drafted the Emancipation Proclamation, altering the course of the war and of the country. Through it all, Malvern Hill Farm endured.
William Heighler Ferguson Sr. purchased Malvern Hill Farm in 1939 and managed it in a manner that left it virtually unchanged since the Civil War. The farm remained in the Ferguson family for nearly 80 years, but with twenty-six cousins sharing ownership, the sale of the property became inevitable. Fragmenting the nearly 900 acres did not: it went on the market as a single parcel.
“The decision to sell Malvern Hill Farm was a difficult one. The farm is family and is at the heart of our history and our memories. You can’t spend time here growing up or live here and not love it,” said Meade Ferguson Welch. “We were all so grateful to CRLC for their efforts in preserving this place.”
The property had been on the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission’s Top Ten list of most threatened battlefields since 1993 and has long been a NPS priority for addition to the Richmond Battlefield National Park, but its resources and value go beyond its history and deep into its soil. The United States Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Services identifies nearly 400 acres as prime farmland and more than 150 acres as “farmland of statewide significance.” Malvern Hill Farm’s woodlands rank “very high” on Virginia’s Forest Economics Model and the agency’s evaluation of Ecological Cores and habitats of endangered species also gives the property a high ranking. DCR further designated Malvern Hill Farm in its Virginia Outdoors Plan as a desired site for publicly accessible walking and biking trails and a Turkey Island Creek canoe and kayak launch to the James River. Nearly two miles of the Virginia Capital Trail along scenic Route 5/New Market Road passes by or traverses Malvern Hill Farm.
Heather Richards of The Conservation Fund remarked, “With such an abundance of historic, natural, agricultural, and scenic resources, saving Malvern Hill Farm was in everyone’s interest. CRLC knew the chance wasn’t just worth taking, but absolutely necessary. We’re honored to support this important milestone on the journey to protecting Malvern Hill Farm.”
CRLC will place a conservation easement on nearly half of the Malvern Hill Farm and transfer it to Henrico County. The land will be open to the public for passive recreation and historical interpretation in the future. JRA will provide kayak and canoe access on Turkey Island Creek, connecting paddlers to the James River, the Captain John Smith National Historic Trail, and Presquile National Wildlife Refuge. The National Park Service ultimately will take ownership of nearly 400 acres for enlargement of the Richmond National Battlefield Park.
“These federal, state, and local commitments vividly affirm just how meaningful the protection of Malvern Hill Farm is,” said CRLC Executive Director Parker Agelasto. “Our partners were quick to support our efforts to protect the farm's sweeping views that have taken in centuries of American history, from the region's original tribal communities through European exploration and settlement, the colonies' fight for independence, our new nation's first conflict, enslavement and emancipation, and the war that ultimately led us toward ‘a more perfect union.’” Henrico County Supervisor Tyrone Nelson concluded, “All who treasure Malvern Hill Farm can now rest assured that its future is secure and residents and visitors alike can look forward to enjoying the farm’s natural beauty, history, and new recreational access.”
The Richmond Times Dispatch, August 7, 2019
Virginia Mercury, June 5, 2019
Saving Land, Spring 2019
The Richmond Times Dispatch, January 29, 2019